Although most new pledges are underclassmen, the hazing in Black fraternities is often encouraged and performed by members who've already graduated.
Black fraternities and sororities don’t share the same peripheral issues. A miniscule number own or even rent chapter houses due to very small numbers. The same is true with alcohol. Studies indicate less alcohol usage for example by Black college students, not so much because of less interest, but less disposable income to provide large quantities to guests at an event.
But there are different symptoms that indicate the same dark power or force exists in Black groups, one that also creates tragic problems. It invades undergraduates who have been members of a group for a year or two, and miraculously overnight are the authorities on their group and how one should become a member. Their national leaders, scholars, lawyers, and experts, all who say don’t haze, have no credibility with these young geniuses.
And so they employ an “old school” approach to hazing, and I mean old, as in 1800s when all college students had few resources, so the upperclassmen physically punished freshmen during that first year. In 2014 alone, Black fraternity members were arrested at the University of Central Arkansas for paddling and being pelted with raw eggs. Six members of another Black fraternity (my fraternity) were arrested for paddling that sent one student to the hospital for a month. And at the University of Georgia, 11 Black fraternity members were arrested after allegedly lining up potential new members along a wall and striking them.